“It is easier to build strong children than to repair broken men.”
- Frederick Douglas
WHO TAUGHT YOU TO HATE YOURSELF?
The Clark Doll Experiment (1939) was an experiment done by Dr Kenneth Clark and his wife Mamie. In 1954 in Brown v Board of Education the experiment helped to persuade the American Supreme Court that “separate but equal” schools for blacks and whites were anything but equal in practice and therefore against the law. It was the beginning of the end of Jim Crow. In the experiment Clark showed black children between the ages of six and nine two dolls, one white and one black, and then asked these questions in this order:
“Show me the doll that you like best or that you’d like to play with,”
“Show me the doll that is the ‘nice’ doll,”
“Show me the doll that looks ‘bad’,”
“Give me the doll that looks like a white child,”
“Give me the doll that looks like a coloured child,”
“Give me the doll that looks like a Negro child,”
“Give me the doll that looks like you.”
“Negro” and “coloured” were both common words for blacks before the 1960s. The last question was the worst since by that point most black children had picked the black doll as the bad one. In 1950 44% said the white doll looked like them! In past tests, however, many children would refuse to pick either doll or just start crying and run away. In the test that he did that became part of Brown v Board he asked 16 black children in 1950 in Clarendon County, South Carolina. Of these 63% said the white doll was the nice one, the one they wanted to play with. Clark also asked children to colour a picture of themselves. Most chose a shade of brown markedly lighter than themselves.
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Top 15 Children's Books for Black History Month
Henry's Freedom Box: A True Story from the Underground Railroad
This is the incredible story of Henry "Box" Brown escaping slavery by shipping himself to the north in a wooden crate. We learn that as a boy, Henry doesn't know his age because nobody keeps records of slaves' birthdays. As an adult working in a warehouse, he decides to take a major risk and mail himself in a box — to a world where he can have a "birthday" (his first day of freedom).
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Black History Month-African American Quotes for Kids
“Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the patience, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world” – Harriet Tubman
“Laundry is the only thing that should be separated by color” unknown
“Only in the darkness can you see the stars.” -Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
“I can accept failure. Everyone fails at something. But I cannot accept not trying.” Michael Jordan Basketball player
“Racism is not an excuse to not do the best you can” Arthur Ashe
“Even if I knew that tomorrow the world would go to pieces I would still plant my apple tree.” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
“Racism is a man’s gravest threat to man- the maximum of hatred for a minimum of reason.” Abraham Joshua Heschel
“Freedom is never given, it is won.” A. Philip Randolph
“You must never be fearful about what you are doing when it’s right.” – Rosa Parks
“The African race is a rubber ball. The harder you dash it to the ground, the high it will rise.” African Proverb
“Never underestimate the power of dreams and the influence of the human spirit. We are all the same in this notion; The potential for greatness lives within each of us.” -Wilma Rudolph Athlete
“If you can’t fly then run, if you can’t run then walk, if you can’t walk then crawl, but whatever you do keep moving forward.”-Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
“You’re either part of the solution or part of the problem.” -(Leroy) Eldridge Cleaver
“The battles that count aren’t the ones for gold medals. The struggles within yourself -The invisible, inevitable, battles inside all of us-that’s where it’s at.” – Jesse Owens Athlete
“No race can prosper till it learns there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem.” – Booker T. Washington
“I have learned over the years that when one’s mind is made up, this diminishes fear; knowing what must be done does away with fear.”Rosa Parks
“Never be limited by other people’s limited imaginations.” – Dr. Mae Jemison – First African-American female Astronaut
“I feel that the most important requirement in success is learning to over come failure. You must learn to tolerate it, but never accept it.” – Reggie Jackson
“Nothing will work unless you do.” – Maya Angelou
“Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
“Have a vision. Be demanding.”- Colin Powell First African-American appointment Secretary of State
“Hold fast to dreams, for if dreams die life is a broken winged bird that cannot fly.”- Langston Hughes
“You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man.” – Frederick Douglas
“Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed.” Booker T. Washington
“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
“Free at last, Free at last, thank god almighty we are free at last.”Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.